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基于RFID的停车场管理系统的设计

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基于RFID的停车场管理系统的设计(开题报告,外文翻译,论文12000字)
摘要:当今社会日益增长的车辆导致停车场的需求越来越大。有很多停车场采用人工方式管理停车场,不仅导致车辆通行慢,而且在上下坡停车取票时,容易造成溜车、碰撞等事故。而使用RFID技术来管理停车场基本不需要人力参与,具有抗污染能力优越;识别的距离长,可以达到几十米;标签的使用寿命长;读写器识别标签的速度快;价格低廉等优。因此设计一个基于RFID的智能管理系统就显得十分有意义。本次设计主要采用RFID技术和单片机技术,首先介绍所采用的各个外设和主控芯片的参数和性能,接着从硬件设计方面介绍电路总体设计,然后接着分析各个电路的功能,最后是介绍软件流程图以及各个流程的核心代码讲解,文中还有该系统的演示结果图以及自己对这次设计的经验总结。
关键词:停车场;RFID;智能管理系统
 
Parking Lot Management System Based on RFID
Abstract :Nowadays, the increasing number of vehicles leads to the increasing demand for parking lots. Many parking lots manage parking lots manually, which not only leads to slow traffic, but also causes accidents such as car slipping and collision when parking tickets on uphill or downhill. The use of RFID technology to manage parking lot basically does not require human participation, has superior anti-pollution ability; recognition distance is long, can reach tens of meters; tag life is long; reader identification tag speed is fast; low price and other advantages. Therefore, it is very meaningful to design an intelligent management system based on RFID. This design mainly adopts the technology of RFID and MCU. Firstly, the parameters and performance of the peripherals and main control chips are introduced. Then, the overall circuit design is introduced Nowadays, the increasing number of vehicles leads to the increasing demand for parking lots. Many parking lots manage parking lots manually, which not only leads to slow traffic, but also causes accidents such as car slipping and collision when parking tickets on uphill or downhill. The use of RFID technology to manage parking lot basically does not require human participation, has superior anti-pollution ability; recognition distance is long, can reach tens of meters; tag life is long; reader identification tag speed is fast; low price and other advantages. Therefore, it is very meaningful to design an intelligent management system based on RFID. This design mainly adopts the technology of RFID and MCU. Firstly, the parameters and performance of the peripherals and main control chips are introduced. Then, the overall circuit design is introduced from the aspect of hardware design. Then, the functions of each circuit are analyzed. Finally, the software flow chart and the core code of each process are introduced. In this paper, the demonstration results of the system and the explanations of the core code of each process are also presented. Experience summary of this design.from the aspect of hardware design. Then, the functions of each circuit are analyzed. Finally, the software flow chart and the core code of each process are introduced. In this paper, the demonstration results of the system and the explanations of the core code of each process are also presented. Experience summary of this design.
Key words:Parking lot;RFID;Intelligent Management System
 

基于RFID的停车场管理系统的设计
基于RFID的停车场管理系统的设计
基于RFID的停车场管理系统的设计


目录
1.绪论    1
1.1    课题的背景    1
1.2    选题的国内外研究现状    1
1.3    选题的研究内容    1
1.4    运用的技术和工具    1
1.4.1    RFID 技术    2
1.4.2    单片机技术    2
2.    系统硬件选型    2
2.1    系统主控芯片    2
2.1.1    stm32f103c8t6单片机简介    3
2.1.2    stm32f103c8t6引脚说明    4
2.2    非接触式IC 卡    5
2.2.1    MIFARE 1 S50简介    5
2.2.2    MIFARE1 S50 性能    5
2.2.3    MIFARE1 S50 通信原理    6
2.3    RFID 射频芯片    7
2.3.1    MF RC522 参数和特征    7
2.3.2    MF RC522 组成结构    7
2.3.3    MF RC522引脚说明    8
2.3.4    Tx驱动器    10
2.3.5 MF RC522的SPI通信…………………...……………………...……...………... 11
2.4    OLED12864液晶显示器    11
2.4.1 OLED12864引脚说明…………………………………………………………...12
3.    电路设计    14
3.1    系统总体设计    14
3.2    蜂鸣器提示电路设计    15
3.3    工作模式选择电路    15
3.4    RFID模块电路    16
3.5    串口屏显示电路设计    17
4.软件系统设计    19
4.1系统整体流程    19
4.2寻卡    20
4.3    防碰撞机制    20
4.4    选卡    21
4.5读卡    22
4.6扣费和钱包备份    22
5.系统测试    24
5.1    注册测试    24
5.2    进场测试    25
5.3    出场测试    26
6.结束语    27
参考文献    28
致谢    29